Dennis Peprah: Historic beliefs and custom, the bane of decreasing road crashes and fatalities

For a producing place like Ghana, allowing for her citizens to perish from road crashes is not only tragic, but unlucky and unacceptable.    

The country could possibly have been productive in flattening the Coronavirus Sickness (COVID-19) curve, but it has much to do to stem the uncontrolled mishaps and fatalities happening everyday on her roads.

Historic Beliefs

Previously beliefs that street crashes ended up brought on by evil spirits, cosmic forces, ghosts and demons go on to impact endeavours in battling road accidents and the attendant accidents and fatalities.   

Supernatural explanations of road crashes and other targeted visitors fatalities have been all-around for hundreds of years.   

In the olden times, street crashes and fatalities ended up seemingly not high in the modern society and anytime these incidents occurred, our fore fathers went to shrines for consultations.   

Deaths as a result of highway crashes were being regarded as abomination and a curse on evildoers and plotters. Certain rituals experienced to be carried out by the chief priest on the bodies of the departed souls in advance of burial.


The Abesim local community, for occasion, would have to express mutilated bodies of accident victims to the village sq. and execute selected rituals on them ahead of burial.    

This is to pacify the regional deity to keep away from any upcoming recurrence.    

These beliefs and methods appeared to be outdated in cultures in components of the planet, but several Ghanaians continue to hold unto these traditions.    

In people times road networks were being not great, there had been several cars and far more importantly hardly would a single uncover drinking bars and pubs sited at lorry parks or a driver on duty uncovered drunk.    

These and among other factors had been why street crashes were being nominal in all those days.    If highway crashes could certainly be traced to evil spirits, a single wondered why the menace experienced develop into an annual ritual in the midst of the proliferation of churches and other spiritual bodies.   

Interestingly, Christians and other spiritual groups assemble and hold all night prayers, retreat and conventions, but the sad element of it is that highway crashes are generally superior in the course of Xmas seasons.


In the last 28 decades, above 46,000 Ghanaians have been killed in road accidents nationwide, according to investigations performed by the Nationwide Street Security Authority.    

The nation, as at the conclude of August 2020, had recorded 9,205 street crashes, involving 15,459 vehicles and resulting in 1,585 deaths.    

A complete of 242 men and women have died through 591 road mishaps recorded from January to September previous 12 months in the Bono, Bono East and Ahafo Areas, Mr. Kwasi Agyenim-Boateng, the Acting Regional Head of the NRSA instructed the Ghana Information Company (GNA)     

The NRSA, he stated, was fearful there had been a relative increase in the accident circumstances as in comparison to final yr, and appealed to the media to use their networks to improve driver schooling on highway safety to reverse the pattern.

Contributory factors   

In reality, inattention and in excess of-dashing are now the leading brings about of road crashes, but experts in the highway sector recognized human error joined to drunk-driving, around-loading, in excess of-dashing, wrongful above-getting and fatigue as some causes.   

Deplorable nature of the country’s highways is other contributory variables as effectively.

Way forward

For the country to do well, and lower carnages and fatalities on the highways, it is crucial for Ghanaians to acknowledge the actuality, and aid vigorous street safety instruction and campaigns.   

Escalating from Commission to Authority, the NRSA calls for suitable funding and means to undertake all-yr-spherical basic safety education on the highways, bus terminals and community gatherings to make the citizenry enjoy and contribute to reducing highway incidents.   

This reporter nevertheless, believes apart from general public education and learning and campaigns, rigorous enforcement of road visitors legal guidelines and rules would greatly lessen crashes and attendant fatalities on the highways.   

Till the country addresses driver indiscipline and carelessness, efforts toward decreasing yearly street accidents and fatalities would remained a mirage, though spirituality and faith just take glory for avoidable crashes on the highways