TEHRAN – The 2nd pre-session of the Global Convention on International Regulation and Armed Conflicts in the location was held on the internet on Wednesday, January 6.
At the convention, a number of popular professors of international law expressed their views on regional problems, particularly the assassination of Lt. Standard Qassem Soleimani, Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, and their entourage close to Baghdad’s global airport on January 3, 2020.
University professor Dr. Hossein Navadeh Topchi, the former president of the National Defense University, Dr. Heibatollah Nejandi Manesh, a college member of Allameh Tabatabai University, and Dr. Mahmoud Khalil Jafar, a school member of Baghdad University, spoke at the meeting.
Relating to Iran’s response to the assassination of Standard Soleimani, al-Muhandis, and their entourage, Dr. Navadeh Topchi mentioned: “The query is, considering that the formation of the nation-states, that is, considering that the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, what approach have they long gone via to reach the present technique and the Constitution of the United Nations? As we can see, the world order has adjusted in the earlier simply because of big-scale wars, as exemplified in the scenario of Westphalia and the 30 Years’ War in Europe, in which the governments and borders were being set up, sovereignty in the sense known today was shaped, and the formation of a modern-day condition took place.”
Topchi claimed the latest environment is primarily based on Articles or blog posts 1 and 2 of the UN Constitution.
“The procedure in which humanity is in today is derived from the Constitution of the United Nations, which sets out the ideas and objectives in Content articles 1 and 2. That is, the full global community, global corporations, and the relations of governments and establishments are centered on this Constitution and Articles or blog posts 1 and 2 thereof. Behaviors appear in a variety of types, which includes coexistence, cooperation, levels of competition, debate, and conflict. Among these kinds of partnership, the UN Constitution and the Earth Order concentrate much more on cooperation concerning counties. In other words and phrases, the United Nations is the foundation for regulating and systematizing societies dependent on cooperation and friendly relations and on this foundation, principles have been proposed for it,” Topchi stated.
With regards to the condition of Iran-U.S. relations, Topchi explained: “The Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of The usa do not have a political or hostile connection that is within just the framework of armed conflicts, but the functions that the United States of The united states has begun with regard to the Islamic Republic of Iran are all a violation of the concepts and objectives of the UN Constitution. In the early 1990s, Us residents spoke of a doctrine in their armed service and protection methods referred to as the ‘doctrine of uneven warfare’. This doctrine is now the key approach of the U.S.”
In terms of the U.S. tactic in the area, the former president of the Nationwide Protection University of Iran also mentioned: “It is important to note that the actions of the United States in the area do not tumble in the lawful framework of armed conflicts polices. The initially is that terrorism is not outlined, but they call teams that they see fit, these kinds of as the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps, which is a countrywide and properly-regarded entire body, a terrorist team. This is unprecedented in the globe. No organized navy firm that is approved by the structure of a place has at any time been identified as a terrorist team. The United States not only needs to fluidize the earth purchase, but it also wants to shrink governments, and as they shrink, new methods will emerge, each with its have hierarchy.”
Typical Soleimani, a legendary commander in the war from terrorists, primarily Daesh, was on a diplomatic mission to Baghdad when he was specific upon a immediate order by U.S. President Donald Trump.
“About the principal topic of this assembly, we can indicate a assortment of breaches of global law on the scene, the first just one of which is a violation of diplomatic law. The assassination of a particular agent carrying a political information violates the 1961 Conference. Murder is a violation of the prison law and the statute of the Intercontinental Criminal Court in the industry of crimes towards humanity. The most significant principle of human rights, which is the bedrock of social purchase and civilization, is the theory of loyalty which the U.S. has violated quite a few occasions. A really obvious of this violation was the withdrawal from the JCPOA by the U.S. authorities,” the professor mentioned.
Dr. Nejandi Manesh then spoke about the problem of reactions to Iran’s missile assault on the U.S. military base in western Iraq, stating: “There are a range of international locations that have been specifically affected by this, these types of as the United States, Iraq, and to some extent Iran, a region that has suffered from the previous action of the United States. The United States wrote a letter to the Safety Council on January 8. A noteworthy level in this formal U.S. letter to the Protection Council was that it did not raise the legal issues about Iran’s action as significantly as experts expected. There was not any objection to the legitimacy of the missile assault. It was just aimed to tell the Council, without the need of pointing to the authorized features of the problem. Gurus have to analyze this letter to understand what this lawful silence usually means. The United States, whilst conscious that the document was remaining registered in the United Nations as an formal doc and could take a authorized stand by boasting Iran violated global legislation, it did not do so.”
The professor claimed Iran answered that it experienced acted in accordance with its suitable to self-protection as stipulated in Posting 51 of the UN Constitution.
“In a letter to the Security Council following the attack, Iran stated that it had acted in accordance with its inherent proper to self-protection below Write-up 51 of the Constitution of the United Nations, and the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran have carried out a deliberate, calculated and proportionate response by concentrating on the American base in Iraq from which the assault on Martyr Soleimani took spot. They claimed that the procedure was meticulous. Those people who drafted the letter experienced centered properly on the legal load of the text. Soon after the consultant of the Iraqi governing administration writes a letter to the Stability Council, on January 16, 2020, the Islamic Republic of Iran writes a letter in reaction to the Republic of Iraq, in which the contents of the initially letter ended up pointed out. But it added a new issue based on the actuality that Martyr Soleimani was in Baghdad at the invitation of the Iraqi govt. Prior to the assault on the Ain al-Assad foundation, the Islamic Republic of Iran knowledgeable the Iraqi governing administration, stating that this authentic action would only be against the U.S. military services foundation” Professor Nejandi Manesh discussed.
Dr. Mahmoud Khalil Jafar from Baghdad University also claimed: “The situation in advance is a sophisticated one particular about the violation of global legislation. From different aspects, this one can be pointed out that the visitor who arrived in Iraq experienced been invited formally, so one particular of the official and military services leaders of Iraq experienced to be existing to welcome him. A different concern which entails thought is the point that American forces stationed in Iraq have a established of duties formally established for them and they routinely commit crimes by violating this framework. In terms of proportion principle less than international law, as it is viewed as by different subcategories of this science, Iran’s reaction to the U.S. unlawful motion need to be examined.”
He ongoing to explain that “Iran’s response to what the U.S. experienced done, did fulfill the conditions of proportion theory beneath international law, in the sense that the Islamic Republic of Iran has focused American armed forces forces, and this briefly states that proportion circumstances were being fulfilled by the defending region. The major intention of the United States is to weaken the nations around the world in the region and place individuals weakened countries into war in opposition to just about every other. On the issue of Iran’s missile attack on American armed forces base in Iraq, proportionality disorders had been achieved in the light of the point that Iran only qualified the U.S. troops and no civilians ended up harmed in the course of this incident.”